What Causes Hemorrhoids?

Before understanding what causes hemorrhoids, it is first important to discuss what hemorrhoids are. Hemorrhoids are a painful, itching and sometimes bleeding mass of swollen tissues and veins located in the area of the anus and rectum.

Approximately 89 percent of all adult Americans will experience hemorrhoids at least one time in their life. Hemorrhoids is why Napoleon Bonaparte sat side saddle on his horse, why former president Jimmy Carter needed surgery, and hemorrhoids are what benched George Brett, a baseball player for the Kansas City Royals, during the World Series game in 1980.

Two Main Types Of Hemorrhoids:

There are two main types of hemorrhoids that people may suffer from – internal hemorrhoids and external hemorrhoids. Internal hemorrhoids can be found inside an individual’s rectum. In actuality, numerous people remain unaware of internal hemorrhoids as they are often painless and do not cause any obvious symptoms. Usually the only time individuals will notice internal hemorrhoids is if they find blood in the stool and on toilet paper. External hemorrhoids, on the other hand, are easier to diagnose as they are found on the outside of the rectum, often located around the anus. They are small lumps that cause itching and irritation.


what causes hemorrhoids
What Causes Hemorrhoids?

What Causes Hemorrhoids To Form:

There are quite a few factors that can cause the onset of hemorrhoids.

Constipation is one of the primary causes of hemorrhoids in many individuals. When an individual becomes constipated, they tend to strain their body to produce a bowel movement. This strain puts a lot of unwanted and unnecessary pressure on the rectal area, causing the veins in the area to swell up. As the veins continue to swell and restrict normal blood flow, hemorrhoids begin to develop.

Age is another factor for what causes hemorrhoids. Numerous medical research studies have shown that men and women between the ages of 45 and 65 are extremely likely to develop hemorrhoids. This is because the muscles become less tight and not able to easily push out a bowel movement. As well, the older people get, the more sedentary they become, increasing the likelihood of hemorrhoids.

Prolonged sitting is another causal factor when it comes to the creation of hemorrhoids. Sitting down for long periods of time is not good for the body. It exerts additional unnecessary pressure as well as restricts the flow of blood. Those with desk jobs who sit for most of the day should get up and walk around and stretch for at least five minutes every hour or so to maintain proper blood flow throughout the body. Putting a cushion on the seat can also lesson pressure placed on the rectum.

Unhealthy lifestyles are a primary culprit. Individuals who eat a lot of processed, synthetic foods and drink carbonated beverages are more apt to get hemorrhoids. This is because these food and beverage options make the stool much harder and stiff, causing individuals to have to strain during the bowel movement, causing the formation of hemorrhoids over time.

The best thing to do is eat a diet that is full of fiber, such as legumes, dried fruit, strawberries, raspberries, whole-wheat and whole-grain cereals, broccoli, plums, apples, pears, spinach, kale, nuts – especially brazil nuts, almonds and walnuts (but consume sparingly as they have a high fat content), bananas, carrots and cherries. As well, drink a lot of water, at least the recommended eight glasses a day.

Women experiencing pregnancy are much more likely to develop hemorrhoids. This is due to the increase of the flow of blood along with progesterone (hormone) levels. As well, the additional weight of a growing baby increases pressure on the veins below the uterus, causing them to swell up and form hemorrhoids.

Heavy Lifting: those individuals that work jobs that require a lot of heavy lifting may experience the occurrence of hemorrhoids. This is due to the increased strain these individuals put on their bodies. If someone’s job is to lift heavy items, do not forget to stretch at least once an hour and rest when the body is tired.

Hemorrhoid Treatment Options:

No matter what may cause hemorrhoids, there are a number of available treatment options:

Witch hazel is one of the best natural treatments for external hemorrhoids as it relieves all itching and burning sensations and reduced the swelling of the area at the same time. Individuals can either purchase a container of liquid witch hazel to be applied with a soft cloth or cotton ball, or many pharmacies carry pads that have been soaked in witch hazel.

– Do not turn down the opportunity for a warm bath. The warm bath will actually reduce swelling and relieve many of the other symptoms of discomfort, including itching and irritation. A warm bath will also keep the anus and rectum clean. If the area is clean, it is likely that the irritation will quickly clear up.

Aloe vera is known for soothing the area where the hemorrhoid exists and getting rid of the burning, itching sensations. Aloe vera gel is available in just about all grocery stores and pharmacies in any neighborhood. Some people choose to buy aloe vera plants and get the gel right from the leaves of the plant. Before a person applies aloe vera, they need to make sure the entire area has been cleaned.

– There are many over the counter medications currently available to those looking to treat their hemorrhoids. This includes creams, ointments, foams and even suppositories. Over the counter hemorrhoid medications are aimed at bringing quick relief to those suffering from hemorrhoids. Because there are many over the counter options available, it is best to do some research and discuss with a medical professional what the best option is.

Surgery is one last option when it comes to treating hemorrhoids no matter what caused it. It is only used in cases where none of the above options prove to be effective. Surgery completely removes the hemorrhoid. However, it is important to note that even if the hemorrhoid is removed, it does not stop the possibility of hemorrhoids from reoccurring.

Thrombosed External Hemorrhoid Symptoms And Treatment

If you experience a thrombosed external hemorrhoid, it can be an extremely painful condition. This is caused by an external hemorrhoid that contains blood clots, and it is also known as a hematoma. Here is information on symptoms, treatment, and prevention of thrombosed hemorrhoids.

Understanding Hemorrhoids

Hemorrhoids are blood vessels within the anus that become swollen. Some are inside the anus, while others are visible on the outside of the anus. The latter are also known as external hemorrhoids.The visible ones are the ones that usually cause pain.

By the time one is fifty years of age in the United States, there is a fifty percent chance of developing hemorrhoids or piles. The actual cause is unknown, but some people may have genetic tendencies to develop them.

Pressure in the abdomen may be a factor in developing swollen anal veins. This can be from being overweight or pregnant. If a person stands or sits for long periods of time, this may contribute to piles.

Diet may have a lot to do with piles, as a low fiber diet can make elimination difficult. Straining at the stool can irritate blood vessels in the anus. This may contribute to pain and swelling.

It is believed that heavy lifting can contribute to piles. Any kind of heavy manual labor may cause these kinds of problems. This includes lifting heavy weights during exercise, also.

Symptoms Of Hemorrhoids

You may experience a large mass on the rectum. This may be caused by blood clots that develop in the vein. This can cause swelling and a purple appearance, and can result in a lot of pain. It can make bowel movements difficult, as well as painful.

Although the condition may look severe, in most cases, it is not. Often times they will improve and go away in about a week or so. However, the vein may bleed quite a bit, and it may be a good idea to see a doctor. Your doctor can tell you if your condition is serious enough for medical intervention. Also, any time that you experience rectal bleeding, you should consult a medical professional. It could be the sign of a more serious condition.

Home Treatment

There are treatments that can be done in the home. For example, warm baths may help to alleviate the swelling and the pain. This can also help to keep the hemorrhoid clean, as proper hygiene is very important. In some cases, swelling can be severe, and this can make sitting almost impossible. A person can still take warm baths, but may need to sit on the knees, or find the most comfortable position for bathing. These sitz baths can be taken several times a day.

In addition to heat therapy from sitz baths, one may wish to try ice a few times a day. Ice is very good for swelling and inflammation. Ice can also be very good for pain, as the cold can reduce the circulation in the inflamed blood vessel, and this can help a great deal with painful nerves, by making them numb.

Various stool softening medications may make elimination easier, and thus reduce irritation and swelling. If a person is not getting enough fiber in their diet, it may help to increase fiber intake. This can make elimination easier, and facilitate healing.

Drinking plenty of water is also good for the problem. It keeps the body properly hydrated. This can actually assist in softening the stools.

Although it may seem counterproductive for pain, walking can be beneficial. Many doctors recommend walking as exercise for this problem. Of course, this depends on how much pain one is in, and if it makes the pain worse or not.

Medical Treatment Options

When you visit your doctor, you may have several treatment options. The doctor will thoroughly examine the problem. You also can discuss which options are best.

Rubber Band Therapy for Thrombosed External Hemorrhoids

Rubber band intervention is a common treatment for thrombosed external hemorrhoids. This is a non surgical method that has been used for many centuries. The basic purpose of the procedure is to cut the circulation off to the inflamed vein. This reduces blood flow and inflammation. Rubber bands are inserted to tie off the blood flow to the swollen vein.

What Is Sclerotherapy?

Sclerotherapy works on the same principle as rubber band therapy. A fixative agent is injected into the swollen vein. This scars the tissue in the vein and restricts the blood flow. This is typically done for hemorrhoids that are not large enough for rubber band therapy. Eventually the vein shrinks and dries out, and the body absorbs it.

What About Surgery?

Surgery for an external thrombosed hemorrhoid is used as a last resort, but sometimes it is necessary. In some procedures, the hemorrhoid is simply surgically removed. Recovery is slow and very painful. However there is a newer procedure that removes the surrounding tissue, instead of the actual vein. It is a quicker procedure, and healing is usually much faster than older methods. It is important to talk to your doctor about surgical risks, and the type of anesthesia used.


Prevention is very important, as it can spare you a great deal of pain and discomfort. If one is not eating a great deal of fiber, it is a good idea to make some permanent changes. Drinking more water is another lifestyle change to consider, as it can make elimination easier on the body. If a person spends all day on their feet, they might consider a change in their profession. If people sit all day at a desk, they should consider more frequent breaks and exercise.


A thrombosed external hemorrhoid can be a very painful condition. It is caused when an anal vein is swollen and blood clots form inside. This causes a great deal of swelling, pain, sensitivity, and discomfort. Although it may appear bad, most cases are not serious. You may be able to treat it with heat, in the form of frequent warm baths. You also may find some pain relief with application of ice, a few times a day. This also may help with swelling. Your doctor may recommend therapy that will cut the circulation to the hemorrhoid, and get rid of the problem. However, in some cases, surgery is necessary, and recovery can be quite painful.

Short Video On Thrombosed External Hemorrhoid:


Description Of Hemorrhoid Symptoms

Hemorrhoids is a condition where veins inside of your anal canal become swollen.  This can be very painful as it causes pressure when moving your stool and also irritation if you develop external hemorrhoids.  In order to diagnose the condition, here’s a description of hemorrhoid symptoms that you may experience.

The Two Types of Hemorrhoids

There are two types of hemorrhoids: internal and external.  Internal hemorrhoids is basically a condition whereby the veins inside of your anal canal become swollen and obstruct your stool.  You may experience

-Itching when going to the bathroom or simply sitting.  The itching will feel like it’s coming from the inside.

-Blood during bowel movement.  Your stool may aggravate the condition and cause small tears which can lead to blood being found in your bowel or toilet paper.  Many people get scared when this happen because they think that they have a serious medical problem.  In reality, this is common with hemorrhoids.

-Excess mucus in your toilet paper or stool.  Mucus is produced for lubrication and increase in production is a sign that there is something wrong.

-Pain when moving your bowels.  The obstruction will cause pressure and press against the swollen area.

-Constipation.  If there is too much inflammation, it can get to the point where it is hard for you to pass the stool.

-Hardened stool.  Many people that develop the condition also have a harder stool because of their diet or because of the obstruction.  This can make it harder to pass your stool.

External hemorrhoids can form when the inflammation develops near the outside of your anus and makes its way outward.  Some of the inflamed tissue will make its way outside, making it very painful. Here are some of the symptoms of external hemorrhoids:

-Bleeding in the area.  The pressure can cause bleeding in the area especially since it’s on the entrance of your anal cavity.

– Infection on the tissue.  Since the flesh becomes exposed, you have to be careful about infection and make sure you clean it regularly.

-Pain and difficulty when moving your stool. It can be very painful when you have to move your stool but the swollen tissue makes it hard to do so.  Trying to push out your stool against the inflammation will cause a lot of pain.

-Itchiness and difficulty sitting.  The hemorrhoids may become very itchy and it will be difficult to sit in a position for long periods of time.  It may also cause pain if you try to sit.

How to Diagnose Hemorrhoids

In order to diagnose this condition, you will have to talk to your doctor and get a physical exam done.  The doctor will use a gloved finger and examine the area where you are experiencing pain.  If you suspect that it’s an internal hemorrhoid problem, a scope may be used to determine if that is indeed what you are suffering from.

What Are The Treatment Options?

Hemorrhoids can be treated by making changes to your diet.  You should add more fiber to your diet to make it easier for your stool pass.  Adding more fruits and vegetables or even a fiber supplement will help.  This way, you’ll have a softer stool and will pressure the affected area less.  Another way to help with your hemorrhoids is to take a warm bath and lie in it for several minutes.  This will help improve the condition and even shrink the area.

It is recommended that you clean the tissue regularly if it is an external hemorrhoid.  It can be prone to infection so you have to be careful.  It will help to massage the area with baby oil as well.  If the condition gets too serious, you may require surgery.  The doctor will cut off blood supply to the area which will result it in shrinking.

So that’s an overview of the symptoms you may experience with hemorrhoids.  While this is a very aggravating condition, you need patience to treat it.  You may have it for several weeks or even have frequent onsets of it so it’s important that you know how to deal with it.  Your doctor will give you many suggestions that can help you treat the condition and keep it under control.

Video: How to Relieve The Symptoms of Hemorrhoids: